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Your Guide to the Hudson Valley’s 10 Unique Counties

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Photos clockwise from top left: courtesy of Discover Albany, courtesy of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, courtesy of NYSOPRHP, by Ian Poley, by Christian Harder

Your Guide to the Hudson Valley's 10 Unique Counties

The NYS Capital Albany, Courtesy of Discover Albany

– Albany County –

The heart of the state’s Capital District, Albany County ranges from farms in the west to the urban bustle of the City of Albany. Situated on the west bank of the Hudson, the city is the focal point of state government, housing the NYS Capitol building. The region has also been dubbed Tech Valley due to an influx of high-tech businesses and research centers. Other historical sites—like Schuyler Mansion—are sprinkled throughout. Outside of the city, there are plenty of beautiful spots to enjoy the outdoors, including the Albany Pine Bush Preserve, Thacher State Park, Cohoes Falls (the second-largest waterfall in the state), and The Huyck Preserve.

Population: 314,848
Median Home Value: $230,300
Median Household Income: $68,327
Median Property Tax: $4,830

Your Guide to the Hudson Valley

Olana State Historic Site Hudson, Photo by Beth Schneck Photography/ bschneckphoto.com

– Columbia County –

Framed by Massachusetts and the Berkshires to the east and the Hudson River to the west, Columbia County’s landscape varies from rolling hills and hiking trails to art hubs and heritage sites—Olana State Historic Site, the estate of notable 19th-century landscape artist Frederic Edwin Church, is one of over 50. While there is plenty of farm country for those seeking a rural lifestyle, the county is also home to Hudson, the industrial city turned vibrant cultural center. The city is a destination for artists, musicians, and shoppers; and home to some of the best restaurants, bars, and boutique hotels in the region.

Population: 61,570
Median Home Value: $236,500
Median Household Income: $68,750
Median Property Tax: $4,564

Your Guide to the Hudson Valley

Market Street in Rhinebeck, Photo Courtesy of Dutchess Tourism

– Dutchess County –

Located centrally on the east side of the river, Dutchess County is a mix of lively cities (including Poughkeepsie and Beacon), creative towns like Rhinebeck, and quaint villages such as Millbrook and Pawling. Throughout the county, you’ll find quite a few acclaimed colleges including Bard, Marist, and Vassar. Foodies from across the country—and even the world—flock to study and dine at the Culinary Institute of America in Hyde Park. For history buffs, Dutchess houses destinations such as the Vanderbilt Mansion, Samuel Morse’s Locust Grove Estate, and the FDR and Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Sites.

Population: 295,911
Median Home Value: $290,700
Median Household Income: $81,842
Median Property Tax: $6,483

Your Guide to the Hudson Valley

The Catskill Creek in Catskill. Photo by Ian Poley

– Greene County –

With an uber-rural setting, Greene County is a destination for outdoor enthusiasts and tranquility seekers alike. Southern Greene holds a section of the Northern Catskills, which is especially good new for hikers and skiers; check out the gorgeous scenery at Kaaterskill Falls in the warmer weather, and hit the slopes at Hunter or Windham as soon as snow falls. Plenty of dining and shopping options are available throughout the villages—like Catskill or Coxsackie—and cultural sites are scattered throughout the county. The home and studio of American painter Thomas Cole is a popular stop.

Population: 47,931
Median Home Value: $185,600
Median Household Income: $56,681
Median Property Tax: $3,341

Photo Courtesy of Storm King Art Center in New Windsor

Photo Courtesy of Storm King Art Center in New Windsor

– Orange County –

In the middle of all the action is Orange County, bordering both the Hudson and New Jersey to the southwest. Several notable spots are the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, Woodbury Common Premium Outlets, LEGOLAND New York Resort, and the Storm King Art Center (plus Stewart International Airport). Its vast span contributes to its diverse attractions and cultures: Middletown, Newburgh, and Port Jervis offer up urban vibes, while Warwick and Pine Bush have more peace and quiet. Another draw? The doable commute to the city; whether by car or the Metro-North train line.

Population: 401,310
Median Home Value: $278,400
Median Household Income: $80,816
Median Property Tax: $7,127

Cold Spring, Putnam County by Ian Poley

Cold Spring, Putnam County by Ian Poley

– Putnam County –

One of the Hudson Valley’s smallest counties is filled with activities that will draw residents and visitors alike. From Boscobel House & Gardens, to Magazzino Italian Art, to Manitoga, an active arts culture is thriving in Putnam. Spend a day walking the main streets of Carmel, Cold Spring, and Brewster, or get out and explore the nearly 12-mile Putnam Trailway segment of the Empire State Trail and the sprawling wilds of Clarence Fahnestock State Park. Proximity to train lines, the Taconic State Parkway, and neighboring Connecticut are all great news for commuters, too.

Population: 97,668
Median Home Value: $366,400
Median Household Income: $107,246
Median Property Tax: $9,636

The Waterfront District in Troy, by Matt Wade Photography

The Waterfront District in Troy, by Matt Wade Photography

– Rensselaer County –

The northern-most county of the Hudson Valley, Rensselaer contains thousands of acres of parks, more than 500 lakes and ponds, plus a growing number of cutting-edge companies, research hubs, and entrepreneurial centers. Much of this influx was spurred by the proximity of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Downtown Troy has also emerged as a regional shopping and dining center with a rich past. The city of Rensselaer, another expanding residential and business area, lies on the east side of the Hudson River, directly across from Albany.

Population: 161,130
Median Home Value: $197,100
Median Household Income: $72,510
Median Property Tax: $4,888

Broadway in Downtown Nyack, by Tim Anderson/ Courtesy of Visit Nyack

Broadway in Downtown Nyack, by Tim Anderson/ Courtesy of Visit Nyack

– Rockland County –

Look to Rockland County for the intersection of small-town living and suburban amenities. Even though it’s only about 30 miles north of Manhattan, there’s plenty of greenspace to enjoy— check out Harriman and Bear Mountain State Parks when you need a break from the bustle. The county is also home to two shopping hubs: The Shops at Nanuet and the Palisades Center Mall. The boutiques that line the water towns of Nyack and Piermont are perfect for browsing; stop in at one of many cozy cafés for a break. Rockland Community and St. Thomas Aquinas Colleges are among higher education options.

Population: 338,329
Median Home Value: $452,500
Median Household Income: $94,840
Median Property Tax: $10,797

The Saugerties Lighthouse by Bentley Potter/ Courtesy of Ulster County Tourism

The Saugerties Lighthouse by Bentley Potter/ Courtesy of Ulster County Tourism

– Ulster County –

Nearly the size of Rhode Island, Ulster is known for the great outdoors and artsy towns. Within the Hudson Valley county, hundreds of thousands of acres— including the Catskill Forest Preserve and Minnewaska State Park Preserve— hold pristine waters and woodlands. The county is also renowned for its rich farmland, orchards, and wineries. Smaller villages like Rosendale and High Falls feature cute shops and mom-and-pop eateries; New Paltz is an educational and social hub; and Kingston, with cafés, galleries, shops, and a growing cultural and waterfront scene, is both a great place to live or spend a weekend.

Population: 181,851
Median Home Value: $239,400
Median Household Income: $65,306
Median Property Tax: $5,746

Irving's Legend, Westchester County. Photo by Jennifer Mitchell

Irving’s Legend, Westchester County. Photo by Jennifer Mitchell

– Westchester County –

With its close proximity to NYC, it’s no surprise that Westchester County is home to quite a few busy cities and suburban towns— including White Plains and Yonkers—but there’s also cute villages in the mix that add variety, like Chappaqua and Katonah. Amidst all of this are everything from historic sites like Van Cortlandt Manor, the Hudson River Museum, and more. Westchester has it all: top-rated public and private schools, as well as colleges and universities; world-class shopping, dining, and hotels; a lively arts and cultural scene; and extensive medical and business services.

Population: 1,004,457
Median Home Value: $544,100
Median Household Income: $99,489
Median Property Tax: $10,735


Related: Read up on Hudson Valley Facts and Figures at a Glance

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