Pertussis According to the Dutchess County Department of Health, there has been a significant increase in local cases of the highly contagious bacterial infection called pertussis — better known as whooping cough. All children receive the DTaP vaccine — which includes innoculations against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis — by the time they reach age six. The CDC recommends that all adults get the pertussis booster, called Tdap, every 10 years.
Influenza vaccine A yearly dose is now recommended for everyone aged six months and older. Certain people — including pregnant women and those over age 50 — have a higher risk of developing complications from the flu, and therefore are especially urged to get the vaccine.
Pneumococcal This vaccine helps prevent pneumonia. It is recommended for adults age 65 and older, and anyone with a chronic illness or one of several risk factors (including cigarette smoking). One to two doses are recommended between the ages of 19 and 64.
Tetanus All adults 19 and older should receive a tetanus shot every 10 years.
Hepatitis A & Hepatitis B These viral diseases are the most common cause of liver cancer. A two-dose vaccine is recommended for healthcare workers and others who are at high risk of contracting these conditions. Eating contaminated food can spread HAV. HBV is spread via blood and body fluids.
Meningococcal This vaccine against meningitis is recommended for children at age 11-12, with a booster given at age 16.
Zoster Get this vaccine to guard against shingles if you are 60 or older.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Recommended for all previously unvaccinated women through age 26 to guard against genital warts, which can lead to cervical cancer.
Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) If you were born in 1957 or later, you’ve probably already been sufficiently vaccinated against these three serious diseases.
» Return to Ultimate Hudson Valley Health Guide 2012